Retelling of a text

    An important role in the development of written speech is assigned to statements. In the narrow sense of the word, presentation is understood as a technique for developing students' coherent written speech, the ability to logically and grammatically correctly, without distorting someone else's speech, understand the originality of writing and present its content. In a broad sense, the presentation is called the transmission of the content of a seen film, a read work, the meaning of a conversation with friends, and similar cases.

     The basis of the presentation is imitation of a model. In this regard, the statements play an important role in the education, upbringing, intellectual and speech development of students. The presentation teaches the separation of the main and secondary in the text, finding the necessary evidence, the appropriate use of the available vocabulary, and the thoughtful application of grammar knowledge.

    

 

    The presentations can be narrative in texts, with a detailed description of something, a portrait characteristic of a person, as well as a text-reasoning.

    The presentations can be control and educational in their purpose, detailed in volume, close to the source text and concise. There are also selective presentations complicated by additional tasks of various types.

    The work on the presentation should be aimed at solving educational tasks, it is necessary that the content of the presented text affects the mind and feelings of students, forms their aesthetic and moral ideas, and fosters a culture of mental activity.

    The presentations may contain additional tasks that require reworking and supplementing the source text.

    There are two groups of tasks for presentations:

- give an answer to the question, express your point of view regarding the material presented and similar options;
- add the beginning to the source text, or introduce into it elements of description, dialogues, arguments on the problem raised in the text, and similar options.

    In accordance with the language task, there are presentations with lexical, grammatical, stylistic and other tasks.

   There are two main types among them:

- changing the shape of the face, tense, mood, for example, to convey the content of the source text in the form of the present tense, not the past, and similar techniques;
- the need to use in the presentation a certain set of words, phrases, sentences that are present in the source text.

The presentation with the language task is a means by which the relationship between the lessons of the study of the main course program and the work aimed at the development of coherent speech of students is realized.

According to the perception of the source text, the presentation can be:

- according to the read, visually perceived text;
- according to the text heard, perceived by ear;
- according to the text perceived both by ear and visually.

     These types of presentations take into account the expediency of developing various abilities of students to perceive the text, since in life people are constantly faced with the need to reproduce what they read or heard.

     In accordance with the degree of familiarity with the source text, the presentation of the original, that is, the first perceived text, as well as the familiar, which was perceived earlier and is already known to students, is distinguished.
It is especially worth noting the importance of presentations as exercises that introduce children to the best examples of the language.
Highly artistic texts that children retell in writing help to form correct speech skills, they purify speech, enhance its culture, instill artistic taste, develop speech flair.
     For this purpose, a preliminary language analysis of the text is carried out, which will be offered for presentation: students are drawn to the words and phrases used by the writer, emphasizing the main idea of the work.
Students master the images, the ideological content of the presented work or its excerpt, its composition, dictionary.
All this determines the high requirements for the texts that are selected for written presentation.

     It is necessary to take into account the grammatical skills of the students. The text should not contain many unfamiliar morphological forms and complicated types of sentences.
In the process of working on the presentation, children activate their active vocabulary. New words appear in their speech, over the meaning and use of which they carry out some work.
     In addition, the transmission of the perceived text necessitates the use of a number of words that are in the passive vocabulary of children.
     Children learn to highlight the main thing, conduct logical analysis of the text and make a plan. These skills are directly related to the students' speech skills.
     Mastering them is necessary in order to carry out educational activities, as well as the future practical activities of students.
     Thus, the work on the presentation, if properly organized, has a creative character, although the student repeats other people's thoughts, he also expresses his attitude towards them.
     The work on the presentation expands the vocabulary of students, enriches their speech with new grammatical forms, and also develops communication skills and coherent writing skills.

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